January 06, 2019
The new president of Venezuela’s National Assembly Juan Guaido speaks during the inauguration ceremony in Caracas. PHOTO: AFP
CARACAS (AFP) – Venezuela’s opposition-controlled National Assembly declared Nicolas Maduro’s presidency illegitimate on Saturday, calling on the military to support efforts to “restore democracy.”
“We reaffirm the illegitimacy of Nicolas Maduro,” the assembly’s new president Juan Guaido said after being sworn in at the start of a new legislative session.
“As of Jan 10, he will be usurping the presidency and consequently this National Assembly is the only legitimate representative of the people.”
Maduro, who has presided over a virtual collapse of the economy in the once-rich Opec member state, is set to be sworn in on Thursday for a second six-year term after holding controversial early elections on May 20.
The elections were boycotted by most of the opposition and widely condemned by the international community.
On Friday, foreign ministers from 12 Latin American countries and Canada announced in Lima that their governments would not recognise Maduro as president if he attempts to remain in office and urged him to turn over power to the National Assembly.
The Maduro government accused the so-called Lima Group of “encouraging a coup d’etat” on instructions from Washington. Mexico, which is a member of the group, withheld its support for the statement.
Guaido, in a speech attended by lawmakers and members of the diplomatic corps, declared that the military’s chain of command had been “broken or usurped,” but called on the armed forces to support efforts “to restore democracy.”
He committed to “generate conditions for a government of transition and to call free elections.”
The National Assembly has been largely sidelined by a separate regime-created Constituent Assembly, which called the May 20 elections at a time when most major opposition figures were in jail or banned from running.
Only a single opposition leader of any stature, Henri Falcon, ran against Maduro, who won.
The United States, the European Union and the Lima Group countries refused to recognise the results.
“Maduro is a usurper, an invader and should be removed,” said Delsa Solorzano, an opposition deputy.
But she denied that the call for the support of the armed forces was “to carry out a coup d’etat.”
The Supreme Court, which has consistently sided with Maduro, rendered the National Assembly powerless after the opposition gained the majority in 2016 by declaring it in contempt.
“Nothing will come out of the assembly that can have the least impact,” said Peter Hakim, of the Inter-American Dialogue, saying it has been “stripped of power and authority.” “Our hands are tied,” Solorzano acknowledged.
A previous attempt in January 2017 by opposition lawmakers to declare Maduro to have abandoned his responsibilities went nowhere.
More radical opposition leaders such as Antonio Ledezma or Maria Corina Machado have called on the legislature to immediately install a “government of transition” led by the president of the National Assembly.
Failure to do so could deepen divisions within an already fractured opposition.
“If there is something worse than doing nothing, it is doing that which weakens and makes you lose respect,” said political analyst Luis Salamanca.
Maduro himself is deeply unpopular, seemingly unwilling or incapable of halting a slide into hyperinflation and economic paralysis that has set off mass migrations of his compatriots.
But he has shrugged off international and opposition criticism, brushing aside accusations that he is assuming dictatorial powers.
“The accuse me of being a dictator to justify whatever thing,” he said, insisting that his re-election was “democratic” and that his opponents are in disarray, not because of him, but because of their “dependence” on the United States.