May 17, 2019
A US Navy MH-60S Sea Hawk helicopter hovers over the flight deck of the aircraft carrier USS Abraham Lincoln, which is among forces the Pentagon has dispatched to reinforce Gulf-region security after alleged threats from Iran. Navy Office of Information/AFP/File / MC3 Amber Smalley
Paul Handley with Kyoko Hasegawa in Tokyo, AFP•
Washington (AFP) – Amid rising tensions in the Gulf, Iran on Thursday rejected negotiations with the US and said it was showing “maximum restraint” after Washington sent extra military forces to the region against what it claimed was an imminent threat from Tehran.
US officials meanwhile said the deployment of an aircraft carrier strike group and B-52 bombers to the Gulf, one of the world’s most strategic waterways, was in reaction to photographs showing that Iran had loaded missiles onto small traditional boats.
In Tokyo for talks with Japanese officials, Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif called the US escalation “unacceptable.”
There was “no possibility” of negotiations with the United States, he told reporters. “I don’t know why President Trump is confident.”
“We exercise maximum restraint,” he said, despite the Trump administration’s unilateral move last year to withdraw from the international agreement on Iran’s nuclear program.
On Wednesday, Trump predicted Iran would “soon” want to negotiate, even as the State Department ordered the evacuation of most personnel from the US embassy and consulate in Iraq, fearing an attack by Iranian-directed Shiite militias.
“I’m sure that Iran will want to talk soon,” the president tweeted.
– Pressure to justify escalation –
The White House and Pentagon remained under pressure to demonstrate the reason for the huge buildup in forces and heightened rhetoric of the past 11 days.
Two major pro-Iran armed groups in Iraq rejected allegations that they were plotting an attack on US diplomatic installations in the country.
Nasr al-Shomari, a military commander for the Iran-backed Harakat al-Nujaba, told AFP the claim was “a pretext” by Washington to create “an uproar” in Iraq.
US coalition partners in Iraq had suggested earlier this week that the threat level there had not risen significantly, and members of Congress demanded to see the information behind the Trump administration’s warlike rhetoric.
“I think they should tell us what the hell is going on,” senior Republican Senator Lindsey Graham told CNN.
A US official said Thursday that Iranian missiles loaded on small, traditional dhow boats in the Gulf were among the new “threats” to US forces and allies in the region.
The official, who asked not to be named, confirmed a New York Times report that US intelligence had aerial photos of the vessels.
“The missiles on civilian boats are a concern,” said the official.
– Anti-war Trump? –
The Trump administration meanwhile appeared divided on how hard of a line to take.
The deployment of the USS Abraham Lincoln strike group and the bombers was first announced on May 5 by White House National Security Advisor John Bolton.
The vocal hawk called the move “a clear and unmistakable message to the Iranian regime that any attack on United States interests or on those of our allies will be met with unrelenting force.”
Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said days later that while the US does not seek a war with Iran, “if American interests are attacked, we will most certainly respond in an appropriate fashion.”
But The New York Times reported that Trump himself was not entirely happy with the talk of war and told acting Secretary of Defense Patrick Shanahan early Thursday that he does not want to a military clash.
Brookings Institution foreign policy analyst Tom Wright said Trump does not agree with Bolton’s hard line and advocacy of regime change in Tehran.
“Trump has always distrusted Bolton on military intervention,” Wright said.
Intelligence officials were scheduled to brief congressional leaders Thursday on the information they have that spurred the new deployments to the Gulf, after House Speaker Nancy Pelosi warned Trump that the legislature, and not the president, has the constitutional power to declare war.
“I like what I hear from the president, that he has no appetite for this,” Pelosi said.
“One of the places that I agree with the president is in both of our opposition to the war in Iraq, and I hope that that same attitude will prevail with (Trump), even though some of his supporters are rattling sabers.”